(heavy graphics...be patient as images load)
(click to enlarge)
On the road: USF at U of Memphis, 2003
Activities at Raymond James Stadium: Bulls Football, interacting with the fans:
All Girl Squads practice:
Head Coach Peter Lezin going over counts:
History of Cheerleading
It all began at a Princeton University football game. Thomas Peebler gathered 6 men who led a yell on the sidelines in front of the student body. In 1884, he took the yell to the University of Minnesota campus. On November 2, 1898, a cheerleader by the name of Johnny Campbell got so excited that he jumped out in front of the crowd.
In the 1870s, the first pep club was established at Princeton University and the following decade brought about the first organized yell recorded at Princeton University. In the 1890s, organized cheerleading was first initiated at the University of Minnesota, as well as the first school "fight song". The 1900s introduced popular usage of the megaphone, which had been in use on the day cheerleading began in 1898. The first cheerleader fraternity, Gamma Sigma, was also organized in the 1900s. The first "homecoming" was held at the University of Illinois in 1910. In 1920, yell leaders brought in drums and noisemakers. As football became more popular, so did cheerleading. Women became active in cheerleading in the 1920s. The University of Minnesota cheerleaders began to incorporate gymnastics and tumbling into their cheers and the first flash-card cheering section was directed by Lindley Bothwell at Oregon State University. Then, in the 1930s, universities and high schools began performing pom-pon routines and using paper poms. In the early 1940's, when men went to war, women not only went to work, but also on to cheerleading squads. Cheerleading then became more as a female sport. Women were revitalizing the spirit when it was needed. When the men returned from war, new twists and turns were added. Gymnastics were always done by men, while the girls danced. This gave rise to dance teams.
In 1948, Laurence "Hurkie" Hurkimer (founder of the spirit industry) decided to organize the first cheerleader camp at Huntsville's Sam Houston University. Only 52 girls attended. The first cheerleading organization, National Cheerleading Association (NCA), was founded. He created spirit slogans, ribbons, and buttons to raise spirit and money.
In the 1950s, college cheerleaders began conducting cheerleading workshops to teach fundamental cheerleading skills. The 1960's gave cheerleaders poms. The most widely recognized prop today. Paper poms were introduced in the 1930's and the modern vinyl pom was invented by Fred Gastoff, around 1965, and introduced by the International Cheerleading Foundation (now W.C.A.). The "Bruin High Step" style of pompon routine was developed by UCLA cheerleaders and the International Cheerleading Foundation. 1967 marked the first annual ranking of the "Top Ten College Cheer Squads" and the initiation of the "Cheerleader All America" awards by the International Cheerleading Foundation. The Baltimore Colts organized the first professional cheerleading squad in history. Up until then, high school squads were used on the sidelines to promote spirit. Dallas Cowboy Cheerleaders created a pure pompon "Broadway-style" dance entertainment for the crowds.
As the 1970s rolled in, cheerleading was building up an unstoppable momentum. In addition to cheering for the traditional football and basketball teams, cheerleaders began supporting all school sports, sometimes selecting several different squads to cheer for wrestling, track and swimming. The first nation-wide television broadcast of the Collegiate Cheerleading Championships on CBS-TV in the Spring of 1978, initiated by the International Cheerleading Foundation. In 1976, the Dallas Cowboy Cheerleaders performed at Super Bowl X and started an evolution of "dancing cheerleaders." In the 1970's, high school and collegiate cheerleading competitions began. In 1980, universal standards were set and safety guidelines outlawed many dangerous tumbling moves and pyramids. National cheerleading competitions for junior and senior high school as well as collegiate squads took place across America. The I.C.F. Training Course for faculty cheerleading 'sponsors'and coaches was offered across the United States.
Today, collegiate pom and dance is a fast growing segment in the spirit industry. Cheerleading is now international, with Japan, Europe, Australia, Canada, and Mexico promoting the sport. Cheerleading was created because one cannot spend their lives sitting in the stands just watching the game. The importance of cheerleading has also come a long way and was first acknowledged by Willis Bugbee in 1927, when he wrote: "The cheerleader, where once was merely tolerated, is now a person of real estate. His prestige is such that at many schools and colleges he must win his place in competitive examination." And it is true today, that a person must be highly skilled and competitive in order to achieve the honoured and respected position of cheerleader. This cherished position has, throughout the years, been held by some truly talented people.
Famous CheerleadersKirk Douglas
Samuel L. Jackson
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Whether you are a cheerleader on an all female, an all male, or a co-ed squad, you are striving towards one goal. That goal is to effectively lead a crowd in support of an athletic team and to generate spirit and pride within a school or community. Today cheerleading enjoys a reputation of being an important leadership force on practically every high school and college campus in America. All of this is because of a man named Johnny Campbell in Minnesota who couldn't stand sitting in the bleachers. He had to be in front of them!info. by Michelle Aerts, http://www.uwrf.edu
All images on this website are protected by copyright. Reproduction or publication is strictly prohibited.
2000: The Bulls took on Conference USA
opponents at the Sun Dome
Most images depicted are from a private collection and may not be copied, reproduced or published.
We Welcome Your Photos! Please Send Images (jpg.format) with caption information